The European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) published its 2023 Threat Landscape Report, which presents the status of the cybersecurity threat landscape. The report identifies the top threats, major trends observed with respect to threats, threat actors and attack techniques, as well as impact, motivation analysis and relevant mitigation measures.
Ransomware still ranks on the top of prime threats identified, accounting for 34% of EU threats, followed by DDoS, accounting for 28% of all threats. The 2023 report also highlights the impact of artificial intelligence for cybersecurity, focusing on the complexity of Large Language Models (LLMs) and deepfakes. It points out that deepfakes can feed into the objective of realistic and targeted social engineering attacks, while there is a potential for misuse of artificial intelligence-powered chatbots in phishing attempts, information manipulation and cybercrime. Malicious actors could use AI to run large-scale information manipulation campaigns and manipulate elections.